Finding and using existing data can help reduce the burden of data collection and tool development. It can also show you data over time that you may not otherwise be able to collect.

Brainstorming Data Sources and Making a Data Collection Plan


  • To introduce new vocabulary including “data sources,” “data collection,” and “research methods”
  • To brainstorm different options for data collection techniques and sources

  • To form a data collection roadmap or plan

Internet Searches


  • To explain how to access basic information about the Internet
  • To describe how to navigate the Internet to find information
  • To describe safety issues related to using the Internet

Using Curricula and Syllabi as Data


  • To examine existing curricula and syllabi as data
  • To draw conclusions and claims from systematic examination of curricula

Triangulation: Compare and Contrast Data


  • To compare and contrast data from different sources
  • To find patterns of similarity and discuss their meaning
  • To find patterns of difference and discuss their meaning
  • To summarize the main points of similarity and difference
  • To synthesize information from different research

Integration: What is the Data Saying?


  • To see relationships between variables
  • To negotiate different ideas about how to interpret research findings
  • To arrive at group consensus about “the story of the findings”